How a Bill Becomes a Law New Hampshire Almanac NH gov

Learn more about the rulemaking process by reading the Overview for the Bench, Bar and Public. If the President vetoes a bill, Congress may attempt to override the veto. If both the Senate and the House pass the bill by a two-thirds majority, the President’s veto is overruled, and the bill becomes a law. Any member of Congress – either from the Senate or the House or Representatives – who has an idea for a law can draft a bill. These ideas come from the Congress members themselves or from everyday citizens and advocacy groups. The primary Congress member supporting the bill is called the “sponsor”.

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The purpose of a public hearing is to give testimony and information, not to argue or inquire. The length of time allowed any one speaker may be limited by the committee. If a citizen cannot be present at a hearing a written statement may be submitted to the Clerk of the committee. Speakers may not ask questions of the committee or other speakers.

First Reading

If the committee does not act on a bill, the bill is considered to be “dead”. Some bills specify the exact date when they are to take effect. If the Legislature has adjourned, the Governor has five days (excluding Sundays and holidays) Kingwood Law Firm in which to sign the bill. This is the “pocket veto.” Each bill carries in its final paragraphs the specific date that it is to go into effect. The Chairman has the duty to call to order a speaker not keeping remarks to the point.

High School Students

The bill is referred to the appropriate committee by the Speaker of the House or the presiding officer in the Senate. Most often, the actual referral decision is made by the House or Senate parliamentarian.

The Bill Is Voted On

If further amendments are approved, these are reported to the originating house with a request that the changes be approved. If the originating house does not approve, a conference may be requested and members from each house are designated as a conference committee. Upon agreement by the conference committee (usually a compromise of differences), each reports to its own house on the committee’s recommendation.

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